Selasa, 19 Agustus 2014 15:22 WIB
TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Faisal Basri, ekonom, mengatakan bahwa mengembangkan kebangkitan industri atau industrialisasi menjadi hal yang mutlak untuk mengatasi jebakan kelas menengah yang terus tumbuh seiring dengan banyaknya usia muda di indonesia.
Dia mengkhawatirkan hal ini karena kontribusi industri terhadap Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) yang masih sangat rendah.
“Kontribusi Industri ke PDB hanya 23,6 persen padahal kita pernah mencapai 29 persen dari sektor ini ke PDB, ini tandanya pertumbuhan ekonomi kita bukan lagi dikontribusikan oleh industri manufaktur yang menyerap banyak tenaga kerja,” katanya di Jakarta, Selasa, (19/08/2014).
Selain rendahnya kontribusi ke PDB, ada permasalahan yang juga dialami dalam penyerapan tenaga kerja. Selama ini, sektor industri hanya 14 persen menyerap tenaga kerja di indonesia, padahal idealnya jumlah sektor industri berkontribusi sebesar 25 persen dari jumlah tenaga kerja.
“Kontribusi tenaga kerja ditopang melalui Usaha Mikro Kecil Menengah (UMKM), padahal ini bukan sektor formal dan tidak menyerap tenaga kerja, kalau kelas menengah tumbuh mereka butuh pekerjaan dan tidak bisa disalurkan (hanya) ke sektor UMKM,” katanya.
Dengan industrialisasi yang kuat Faisal mengatakan bahwa ekspor manufaktur juga akan meningkat. Jika ini terjadi maka defisit neraca perdagangan juga bisa dikurangi dan membantu cadangan devisa. Jadi dampaknya bisa keseluruhan untuk memperbaiki fondasi struktural perekonomian.
“Ekspor manufaktur bisa diperkuat lagi dan dampaknya adalah bisa berkontribusi ke cadangan devisa jadi dampak pembangunan industri ini sangat luas,” katanya.
Sumber: diunduh dari http://www.tribunnews.com/bisnis/2014/08/19/industrialisasi-mutlak-untuk-mengatasi-jebakan-kelas-menengah
Diterbitkan oleh faisal basri
Faisal Basri is currently senior lecturer at the Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia and Chief of Advisory Board of Indonesia Research & Strategic Analysis (IRSA). His area of expertise and discipline covers Economics, Political Economy, and Economic Development.
His prior engagement includes Economic Adviser to the President of Republic of Indonesia on economic affairs (2000); Head of the Department of Economics and Development Studies, Faculty of Economics at the University of Indonesia (1995-98); and Director of Institute for Economic and Social Research at the Faculty of Economics at the University of Indonesia (1993-1995), the Commissioner of the Supervisory Commission for Business Competition (2000-2006); Rector, Perbanas Business School (1999-2003).
He was the founder of the National Mandate Party where he was served in the Party as the first Secretary General and then the Deputy Chairman responsible for research and development. He quit the Party in January 2001. He has actively been involved in several NGOs, among others is The Indonesian Movement.
Faisal Basri was educated at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Indonesia where he received his BA in 1985 and graduated with an MA in economics from Vanderbilt University, USA, in 1988.
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3 comments on “Industrialisasi Mutlak untuk Mengatasi Jebakan Kelas Menengah”
Dear Professor Faisal,
I have been in Indonesia for some 20 years now, providing graduate level, experiential based training and consulting in applied project and program management primarily to the multi-national oil, gas and mining companies, but more specifically, to SSK MIGAS, Pertamina and Freeport Indonesia. We have published evidence showing considerable success in developing the competency of Indonesian professionals to the point where they can and have successfully replaced expatriates. The company I work for, PT Mitratata Citragraha, is an Indonesian women owned company which provides project management training and consulting to Fortune 500 companies all over the world. We also recently won a major contract to provide project and program management training to the Omani government as well as training for the Nigerian Oil and Gas Ministry.
Locally, we also provided “pro bono’ training in applied project and program management to Dr. Kuntoro and his team at BRR.
What has been very frustrating to us is for the past 2 years, we have been offering to provide the same 3 day training courses in engineering economics, cost estimating, CPM scheduling and applied project and program management that we delivered to Dr. Kuntoro in Aceh to then Governor and now President Jokowi and his team on a “pro bono” basis and despite having communicated through various channels, have not been successful even in establishing contact.
IF Indonesia wants to be competitive when the ASEAN free trade agreement becomes effective in 2015, then project and program management are “core competencies” that must be mastered and we find it frustrating that neither the DKI or Federal governments seem interested in taking advantage of “pro bono” training from a top global expert in the areas of capital cost estimating, applied engineering economics, critical path method scheduling, earned value management and sustainable (green) project management tools, techniques and methodologies.
In your position as one of President Jokowi’s new Cabinet Ministers, is there anything you can do to facilitate making this happen? We would be more than happy to collaborate with UI and/or an appropriate NGO to sponsor and host a series of 3 day events in applied project and program management on a “pro bono” basis to highly motivated and committed “movers and shakers” in the provincial or Federal government levels as part of our Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program.
Please feel free to contact me, email@example.com or phone me, +6221-575-0911.
Thank you and looking forward to hearing from you or your team and seeing if we can make this free training happen.
Dr. Paul D. Giammalvo, CDT, CCE, MScPM, MRICS, GPM-m
Senior Technical Advisor, PT Mitratata Citragraha
Dear DR. Paul, thank you very much for your information. I’m not a member of Jokowi’s cabinet. I will try to talk to my friend in the cabinet on this matter.
Many thanks, Professor Faisal……. I do appreciate that as we cannot begin to imagine why neither the DKI or the Federal governments are interested to take advantage of much needed training that is being offered for FREE….
Best if we communicate via email- firstname.lastname@example.org…..
Thanks again and good luck on helping us make this happen….