Peningakatan Biofuel Bisa Turunkan Defisit Perdagangan?

Salah satu kebijakan pemerintah untuk mengurangi tekanan defisit akun semasa (current account) adalah dengan menggenjot kandungan biofuel menjadi 10 persen dalam campuran solar. Dengan begitu impor solar akan turun. Pemerintah optimistik langkah ini bisa menurunkan impor BBM senilai 2 miliar dollar AS.

Kalau segala langkah berjalan lancar, memang impor BBM otomatis akan turun. Namun, apakah transaksi perdagangan akan membaik dan defisit akun semasa akan turun?

Belum tentu. Kalau biofuel berasal dari crude palm oil (CPO), dan tampaknya memang begitu, ceritanya bisa lain. Karena, CPO yang tadinya dialokasikan untuk diekspor beralih penggunaannya untuk biofuel di dalam negeri. Maka ekspor CPO turun, sehingga secara keseluruhan transaksi perdagangan luar negeri tak akan berubah, setidaknya secara berarti. Ini mirip dengan uang masuk ke kantong kanan, tetapi pada saat yang sama uang keluar di kantong kiri.

Walaupun demikian, kita mendukung langkah pemerintah ini dengan alasan lain, yaitu diversifikasi dan kemandirian energi, juga pengembangan energi terbarukan.

About faisal basri

Faisal Basri is currently senior lecturer at the Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia and Chief of Advisory Board of Indonesia Research & Strategic Analysis (IRSA). His area of expertise and discipline covers Economics, Political Economy, and Economic Development. His prior engagement includes Economic Adviser to the President of Republic of Indonesia on economic affairs (2000); Head of the Department of Economics and Development Studies, Faculty of Economics at the University of Indonesia (1995-98); and Director of Institute for Economic and Social Research at the Faculty of Economics at the University of Indonesia (1993-1995), the Commissioner of the Supervisory Commission for Business Competition (2000-2006); Rector, Perbanas Business School (1999-2003). He was the founder of the National Mandate Party where he was served in the Party as the first Secretary General and then the Deputy Chairman responsible for research and development. He quit the Party in January 2001. He has actively been involved in several NGOs, among others is The Indonesian Movement. Faisal Basri was educated at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Indonesia where he received his BA in 1985 and graduated with an MA in economics from Vanderbilt University, USA, in 1988.
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